Atelectasis Post Obstructive

  • Caused by
    • complete obstruction
      • neoplasm,
      • mucus plugging
      • foreign bodies
  • Result
    • air
      • no new air can enter lung distal to the obstruction
      • trapped air that is absorbed into the capillaries, l
    • pleura
      • cannot separate
      • vacuum and
      • traction of mediastinal structures and diaphragm
        • mediastinal shift and elevated diaphragm
Post ETT in Right Main Stem Bronchus
Post
Obstructive Atelectaisis of the left Lower Lobe
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
42077

68 year old ICU patient has an Xray at 2:30pm to check tube position .  4 hours later he presents with a acute respirtatory difficulty and the re is a white out of the left lung (middle image).  After suction, a repeat CXR approximately 2 hours later shows improving aeration.  The rapid response to suction usually infers obstruction from  a mucus plug or inhalation of a foreign body with removal .
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
70231cL

 

Left Lower Lobe Atelectasis
57-year old male presents with a cough. CXR shows silhouetting of the left hemidiaphragm and leftward mediastinal shift. CT scan shows an airless consolidation with leftward shift consistent with atelectasis.
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net

Atelectasis Due to Aspiration
Aspiration Pneumonia
74 year old male alcoholic with bilateral basilar lobar atelectasis caused by bilateral aspiration
CT scan shows airless lower lobes with small bilateral effusions. 3D reconstruction shows total obstruction of the right mainstem bronchus, and patent proximal mainstem bronchus
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
Atelectasis Due to Obstruction
Occluded Main Stem Bronchus, Atelectasis of the Right Lung, and Pleural Effusion
59F shows total white out caused by collapse of right lung with an
occluded right main step bronchus associated with a
large right sided effusion. The occlusion is likely due to proximal cancer. A pigtail drain has been placed to drain the effusion
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net 104 Lu

 

Complex Pleural Effusion and Atelectasis of the Right Lung
59F shows total collapse of left lung with an
occluded right main step bronchus(top right image)associated with a
right sided effusion. The occlusion is likely due to proximal cancer
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net 104 Lu

Occluded Right Main Stem Bronchus by Cancer with Pathology Correlation

OCCLUDED RIGHT MAIN STEM BRONCHUS WITH REVERSED S SIGN OF GOLDEN
This combination of images shows the manifestations of a malignant mass in the hilum causing compression of the right mainstem bronchus. The PA CXR shows signs of volume loss (atelectasis characterized by elevation of the right hemidiaphragm (black arrowhead), rightward tracheal and mediastinal shift (white arrowheads) and elevation of the minor fissure contributing to the reverse S sign of Golden. There is a vague infiltrate in the right upper lobe correlating with an anterior pie shaped density of the lateral (blue arrowheads), consistent with collapse of the anterior segment of the RUL
32292cL01
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
OCCLUDED RIGHT MAIN STEM BRONCHUS WITH REVERSED S SIGN OF GOLDEN
This combination of images shows the manifestations of a malignant mass in the hilum causing compression of the right mainstem bronchus. There is elevation of the right hilum on the CXR, associated with collapse of the anterior segment of the RUL seen as a vague density in the P-A . The tomogram (3a) shows an abrupt cut off of the right mainstem bronchus while the overlay in 3b shows the occlusion of the right mainstem bronchus, the implied tumor overlaid in green. Images 4a and 4b are the correlative gross pathology images showing the tumor in green pushing  and occluding the right mainstem
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
Carcinoid Tumor Causing Obstruction
Carcinoid Tumor Causing Post Obstructive Atelectasis
65 year old female presents with a cough. CT shows a mass (green) in proximal portion of the right lower lobe bronchus with post obstructive atelectasis in the superior segment of the right lower lobe (yellow) pathology revealed carcinoid tumor
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
75679c02

 

Active TB Causing Obstruction

Active TB
80-year-old Russian woman who initially presented with a cavitating LUL nodule that was biopsied and thought to represent sarcoidosis, nut subsequently shown to be TB. Axial CT’s shows thickening around the bronchovascular bundles of the middle lobe (red arrowhead – a, b) with post obstructive atelectasis of the lateral segment of the RML (blue arrowhead , a-f)
Ashley Davidoff MD Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net
31645cL

 

Obstructive Segmental Atelectasis
59year old male presents with cough. Chest Xray reveals signs of segmental right upper lobe atelectasis with elevation of the minor fissure and right hemidiaphragm confirms the presence of atelectasis and an air bronchogram. A proximal obstructing lesion was suspected. Slightly enlarged lymph nodes are noted in the azygous region (last row)
Ashley Davidoff MD TheCommonVein.net