Differential Diagnosis Calcified Mediastinal Nodes

 

AL Amyloid with calcified micronodules
Ashley Davidoff
TheCommonVein.net
AL Amyloid with calcified micronodules
Ashley Davidoff
TheCommonVein.net

 

Sarcoid

SARCOIDOSIS AND EGG SHELL CALCIFICATION OF THE LYMPH NODES
51-year-old male with Stage 2II Sarcoidosis and egg shell calcification of lymph nodes
Ashley Davidoff MD
CALCIFIED LYMPH NODES, RIGHT EFFUSION
SARCOIDOSIS, STAGE IV, PTX, ENCASEMENT
50-year-old male presents with history of Stage 4 sarcoidosis acute chest pain and dyspnea
The initial CXR shows a left sided pneumothorax, diffuse nodular pattern with confluent perihilar infiltrates and a left pleural effusion
A chest tube was placed and a chest CT showed confluent fibrotic masses in the hilar regions totally surrounding the bronchovascular bundles with encasement of the middle lobe artery. In addition, multiple lymphovascular micronodules are demonstrated. The pulmonary artery measures 32.7mm indicating pulmonary hypertension.
A CXR during this admission shows re-expansion of the pneumothorax. Left lung volume is reduced.
The patient presents 2 years later, again with progressive dyspnea and chest pain and CT PA shows encasement of the airways, right middle lobe pulmonary artery and left lower pulmonary vein by the fibrotic broncho vascular masses, and non-occlusive, subacute pulmonary embolus of the LPA. There are moderate bilateral pleural effusions, calcified lymph nodes, with ongoing pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular enlargement, right atrial enlargement, tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension. At this time the patient is intubated.
He again presents 1 month after with chest pain and dyspnea. At this time, he has a tracheostomy. The scout frontal view shows persistent encasement of the left upper lobe bronchus and significant reduction on the volume of the left lung with elevated left hemidiaphragm.
CT PA has similar findings with a large right pleural effusion and unresolved large non occlusive thrombus in the left pulmonary artery.
Ashley Davidoff MD
SARCOIDOSIS, STAGE IV, PTX, ENCASEMENT
50-year-old male presents with history of Stage 4 sarcoidosis acute chest pain and dyspnea
The initial CXR shows a left sided pneumothorax, diffuse nodular pattern with confluent perihilar infiltrates and a left pleural effusion
A chest tube was placed and a chest CT showed confluent fibrotic masses in the hilar regions totally surrounding the bronchovascular bundles with encasement of the middle lobe artery. In addition, multiple lymphovascular micronodules are demonstrated. The pulmonary artery measures 32.7mm indicating pulmonary hypertension.
A CXR during this admission shows re-expansion of the pneumothorax. Left lung volume is reduced.
The patient presents 2 years later, again with progressive dyspnea and chest pain and CT PA shows encasement of the airways, right middle lobe pulmonary artery and left lower pulmonary vein by the fibrotic broncho vascular masses, and non-occlusive, subacute pulmonary embolus of the LPA. There are moderate bilateral pleural effusions, calcified lymph nodes, with ongoing pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular enlargement, right atrial enlargement, tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension. At this time the patient is intubated.
He again presents 1 month after with chest pain and dyspnea. At this time, he has a tracheostomy. The scout frontal view shows persistent encasement of the left upper lobe bronchus and significant reduction on the volume of the left lung with elevated left hemidiaphragm.
CT PA has similar findings with a large right pleural effusion and unresolved large non occlusive thrombus in the left pulmonary artery.
Ashley Davidoff MD
SARCOIDOSIS, STAGE IV, PTX, ENCASEMENT
50-year-old male presents with history of Stage 4 sarcoidosis acute chest pain and dyspnea
The initial CXR shows a left sided pneumothorax, diffuse nodular pattern with confluent perihilar infiltrates and a left pleural effusion
A chest tube was placed and a chest CT showed confluent fibrotic masses in the hilar regions totally surrounding the bronchovascular bundles with encasement of the middle lobe artery. In addition, multiple lymphovascular micronodules are demonstrated. The pulmonary artery measures 32.7mm indicating pulmonary hypertension.
A CXR during this admission shows re-expansion of the pneumothorax. Left lung volume is reduced.
The patient presents 2 years later, again with progressive dyspnea and chest pain and CT PA shows encasement of the airways, right middle lobe pulmonary artery and left lower pulmonary vein by the fibrotic broncho vascular masses, and non-occlusive, subacute pulmonary embolus of the LPA. There are moderate bilateral pleural effusions, calcified lymph nodes, with ongoing pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular enlargement, right atrial enlargement, tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension. At this time the patient is intubated.
He again presents 1 month after with chest pain and dyspnea. At this time, he has a tracheostomy. The scout frontal view shows persistent encasement of the left upper lobe bronchus and significant reduction on the volume of the left lung with elevated left hemidiaphragm.
CT PA has similar findings with a large right pleural effusion and unresolved large non occlusive thrombus in the left pulmonary artery.
Ashley Davidoff MD
CALCIFIED LYMPH NODES, LEFT EFFUSION
SARCOIDOSIS, STAGE IV, PTX, ENCASEMENT
50-year-old male presents with history of Stage 4 sarcoidosis acute chest pain and dyspnea
The initial CXR shows a left sided pneumothorax, diffuse nodular pattern with confluent perihilar infiltrates and a left pleural effusion
A chest tube was placed and a chest CT showed confluent fibrotic masses in the hilar regions totally surrounding the bronchovascular bundles with encasement of the middle lobe artery. In addition, multiple lymphovascular micronodules are demonstrated. The pulmonary artery measures 32.7mm indicating pulmonary hypertension.
A CXR during this admission shows re-expansion of the pneumothorax. Left lung volume is reduced.
The patient presents 2 years later, again with progressive dyspnea and chest pain and CT PA shows encasement of the airways, right middle lobe pulmonary artery and left lower pulmonary vein by the fibrotic broncho vascular masses, and non-occlusive, subacute pulmonary embolus of the LPA. There are moderate bilateral pleural effusions, calcified lymph nodes, with ongoing pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular enlargement, right atrial enlargement, tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension. At this time the patient is intubated.
He again presents 1 month after with chest pain and dyspnea. At this time, he has a tracheostomy. The scout frontal view shows persistent encasement of the left upper lobe bronchus and significant reduction on the volume of the left lung with elevated left hemidiaphragm.
CT PA has similar findings with a large right pleural effusion and unresolved large non occlusive thrombus in the left pulmonary artery.
Ashley Davidoff MD

 

TB

SMALL CALCIFIED HILAR LYMPH NODES
INACTIVE SECONDARY TB WITH EXTENSIVE PARENCHYMAL AND LYMPHOVASCULAR INVOLVEMENT
48-year-old male with history of TB presents with back pain
AP view of the spine shows complex lesion in the right apex characterized by fibronodular opacities. There are scattered calcifications throughout the lungs but some are centered around the lymphatics, including the interlobular septa and centrilobular region
Ashley Davidoff MD