Allergic bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)

Tree in Bud Sign Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)
CT scan through the chest shows medium sized bronchi, bronchioles and small airways impacted with fluid. This collage is presented to reveal tree in bud changes resulting from impaction in the smaller terminal bronchioles and respiratory units. The tree-in-bud pattern also results in small centrilobular nodules connected to multiple branching linear structures of similar caliber from a single stalk. Originally it was felt to result from endobronchial spread of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but is is now recognized in diverse entities including peripheral airway diseases caused by infection (bacterial, fungal, viral, or parasitic), congenital disorders, idiopathic disorders (obliterative bronchiolitis, pan bronchiolitis), aspiration or inhalation of foreign substances, immunologic disorders, connective tissue disorders and peripheral pulmonary vascular diseases such as neoplastic pulmonary emboli.
In this case there are also dilated medium sized airways, impacted with soft tissue characteristic of the finger in glove sign and most likely due to allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)
Ashley Davidoff MD Ashley Davidoff MD